WillScot Corporation Announces Second Quarter 2019 Results and Updates 2019 Outlook

August 1, 2019 at 4:05 PM EDT
Execution of integration and growth initiatives remains on track

BALTIMORE, Aug. 01, 2019 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- WillScot Corporation (“WillScot” or the "Company") (Nasdaq: WSC) today announced its second quarter 2019 financial results.

Second Quarter 2019 Financial Highlights1,2

  • Revenues of $266.1 million, representing an 89.7% (or $125.8 million) year over year increase, driven by growth in core leasing and services revenues of $111.4 million, or 84.0%.
    • Consolidated modular space average monthly rental rate increased to $611 representing a 10.9% increase year over year. Pro forma modular space average monthly rental rates increased 15.1% year over year, driven primarily by a 16.1% year over year increase in our core Modular - US segment.
    • Consolidated modular space units on rent increased 37,779 or 69.3% year over year, driven by the ModSpace acquisition, and average modular space utilization increased 160 basis points (“bps”) year over year to 71.9%. Pro forma utilization increased 20 bps year over year in the Modular - US segment and was flat on a consolidated basis.
  • Redeemed $200.0 million of 10% 2023 senior unsecured notes and executed a $190 million add-on to the existing 6.875% 2023 senior secured notes, resulting in approximately $6.0 million of net expected annual interest expense savings, beginning June 19, 2019 and with no change to total debt outstanding in the quarter.
  • Consolidated net loss of $11.8 million includes $19.4 million of discrete costs expensed in the period related to the ModSpace integration and loss on extinguishment of debt related to the redemption of our 10% 2023 senior unsecured notes.
  • Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA of $88.7 million represents a 111.7% (or $46.8 million) year over year increase.
  • Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA margin of 33.3% increased 340 bps year over year.
  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
(in thousands) 2019   2018   2019   2018
Revenue $ 266,125   $ 140,333   $ 521,133   $ 275,084
Consolidated net (loss) income $ (11,775)   $ 379   $ (22,936)   $ (6,456)


  Three Months Ended
June 30,
  Six Months Ended
June 30,
Adjusted EBITDA1 by Segment (in thousands) 2019   2018   2019   2018
Modular - US $ 81,380   $ 38,104   $ 158,148   $ 70,716
Modular - Other North America 7,347   3,812   15,087   6,692
Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA $ 88,727   $ 41,916   $ 173,235   $ 77,408

Management Commentary1,2,3

Brad Soultz, President and Chief Executive Officer of WillScot, commented, "WillScot delivered another outstanding quarter, as we continued to execute our strategy which is resulting in a complete transformation of the company.  The result of this focus is evident in our second quarter results as revenue and Adjusted EBITDA for the second quarter were up 89.7% and 111.7%, respectively, over the prior year, and our Adjusted EBITDA margin of 33.3% increased 340 basis points versus the second quarter of 2018 as a result of our increasing scale, solid synergy realization, and growing our core leasing revenue through price optimization and the continued expansion of our "Ready-to-Work" platform. Based on our strong results in the first half of the year, we are pleased to raise our 2019 outlook for full year Adjusted EBITDA to between $355 million and $365 million. We believe the growth levers driving our business are largely in management's control and our year-to-date results provide us with the confidence to achieve this updated guidance, exit 2019 with an annualized Adjusted EBITDA run rate of $400 million, and de-leverage to below 4x by the second quarter of 2020.  I would like to thank the entire WillScot organization for their continued performance and remain convicted in my view that we have the right strategy and the right team to continue to increase long term shareholder value."

Tim Boswell, Chief Financial Officer commented, "Our second quarter results exceeded our expectations both financially and operationally. Pro forma modular space average rental rates in our Modular - US segment were up 16.1% year over year, reflecting an acceleration versus the first quarter driven by former ModSpace and Acton units that are now returning and being redeployed at prices and with value added products and services ("VAPS") penetration that are exceeding our initial expectations and offsetting volumes. In Q2, this drove a very robust growth of 9.2% year over year in pro forma modular leasing revenues, setting up a run-rate that is consistent with our original expectations for the remainder of 2019 and heading into 2020. The continued performance of our leasing operations, combined with a lower emphasis on new and rental unit sale revenue, represents a higher quality revenue mix and as a result, we expect Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA margins to be at the high-end of our original outlook ranges. Lastly, we maintain our expectations for free cash flow and net income generation in the second half of 2019, both of which were enhanced by the refinancing of our 10% 2023 senior unsecured notes, which will result in approximately $6.0 million of annual net interest savings beginning in the third quarter."

Second Quarter 2019 Results1,2

Total consolidated revenues increased 89.7% to $266.1 million, as compared to $140.3 million in the prior year quarter. Pro forma revenues increased $4.2 million, or 1.6%.

  • Modular - US segment revenue increased 91.4% to $238.9 million, as compared to $124.8 million in the prior year quarter with core leasing and services revenues up $105.1 million, or 88.8%, year over year.
    • Modular space average monthly rental rate of $612, increased 11.5% year over year including the dilutive impacts of acquisitions. Improved pricing was driven by a combination of our price optimization tools and processes, as well as by continued growth in our “Ready to Work” solutions and increased VAPS penetration across our customer base. Pro forma modular space monthly rental rates increased 16.1% year over year.
    • Average modular space units on rent increased 34,276, or a 70.0% year over year increase, due to the ModSpace acquisition. Pro forma units on rent decreased 4.2% year over year, and pro forma utilization tightened by 20 bps year over year.
  • Modular - Other North America segment revenue increased 76.1% to $27.3 million, compared to $15.5 million in the prior year quarter, with modular space average units on rent up 63.4% and average monthly rental rate up 5.2% compared to the prior year quarter.
    • On a pro forma basis, Modular - Other North America segment modular space units on rent decreased 2.4% to 9,027 and pro forma utilization for our modular space units decreased to 56.3%, down 50 bps from 56.8%. Pro forma modular space rental rate increased 5.6% compared to the prior year quarter.

Consolidated Adjusted EBITDA of $88.7 million was up 111.7% compared to $41.9 million in the prior year quarter, and Adjusted EBITDA margins improved 340 bps year over year to 33.3%.

  • Modular - US segment Adjusted EBITDA increased 113.6% to $81.4 million, and Modular - Other North America segment Adjusted EBITDA increased $3.5 million to $7.3 million from the prior year quarter.
  • Increases in Adjusted EBITDA margins were driven primarily by a 80 bps improvement in leasing and services margins year over year as a result of continued improvement of modular space average monthly rental rates and by improved delivery and installation rates.  Additionally, we estimate that incremental cost synergies of approximately $7.5 million related to the Acton and ModSpace acquisitions were realized in the second quarter bringing total estimated synergies realized to date to approximately $21.2 million. Approximately 49% of the annualized forecasted cost synergies of over $70 million were in our run rate as of June 30, 2019. Synergy cost savings drove approximately 330 bps of Adjusted EBITDA margin expansion in the second quarter.

Consolidated net loss of $11.8 million includes $19.4 million of discrete costs expensed in the period related to the ModSpace integration and loss on extinguishment of debt related to the redemption of our 10% 2023 senior unsecured notes. The $19.4  million of discrete items include $8.2 million of integration costs, $1.2 million of restructuring costs, $2.8 million of non-cash impairment on long-lived assets associated with real estate consolidations, and a $7.2 million loss on extinguishment of debt.  The loss on extinguishment of debt included $6.2 million, or a 3.1% premium including make-whole premiums, to redeem $200.0 million in aggregate outstanding principal on our 10% 2023 senior unsecured notes, and a $1.0 million non-cash write-off of unamortized deferred financing fees. This compares to consolidated net income of $0.4 million for same period in 2018, which included $0.4 million of restructuring cost and $4.8 million of integration cost related to the Acton and Tyson acquisitions.

Capitalization and Liquidity Update

Capital expenditures increased $30.2 million, or 90.7%, to $63.5 million for the three months ended June 30, 2019, from$33.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2018. Net capital expenditures4 also increased $22.6 million, or 76.9%, to $52.0 million for the three months ended June 30, 2019. The increase was driven primarily by increased investments in refurbishments, as well as increased spend for value-added products to drive revenue growth, partly offset by a $7.6 million increase in proceeds from the sale of rental equipment, all resulting from the 58.9% increase in fleet size following the ModSpace acquisition.

During the three months ended June 30, 2019, our total long-term debt balance was flat at $1,709.5 million as net cash provided by operating activities of $44.8 million offset net cash used in investing activities of $43.2. Within cash from operating and investing activities, $9.4 million of discrete costs related to the ModSpace integration was partly offset by $8.9 million of proceeds primarily from the sale surplus real estate.

On May 14, 2019, we executed a $190.0 million tack-on to our existing 6.875% 2023 senior secured notes and used the proceeds to repay a portion of our ABL credit agreement (the "ABL Facility").  On June 19, 2019 we redeemed all $200.0 million of our 10% 2023 senior unsecured notes using cash on hand and availability under our ABL Facility. We expect the net result of these financing transactions to provide approximately $6.0 million of annual net interest savings, beginning in the third quarter.  At June 30, 2019, we had $486.9 million of available borrowing capacity under our ABL Facility.

Updated 2019 Outlook

Management updated the Company's outlook for the full year 2019, which we previously reaffirmed on May 2, 2019. This guidance is subject to risks and uncertainties, including those described in "Forward-Looking Statements" below, and the 2019 guidance includes:

  Prior Outlook Updated Outlook
Total revenue $1.05 billion - $1.15 billion $1.05 billion - $1.10 billion
Adjusted EBITDA1, 3 $345 million - $365 million $355 million - $365 million
Net capital expenditures (after rental unit sales)4 $130 million - $160 million $150 million - $160 million

1 - Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA Margin are non-GAAP financial measures. Further information and reconciliations for these Non-GAAP measures to the most directly comparable financial measure under generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. ("GAAP") is included at the end of this press release.

2 - The pro forma financial information and performance metrics contained in this press release include the results of WillScot and ModSpace on a pro forma basis for all periods presented. The ModSpace acquisition closed August 15, 2018.

3 - Information reconciling forward-looking Adjusted EBITDA to GAAP financial measures is unavailable to the Company without unreasonable effort and therefore no reconciliation to the most comparable GAAP measures is provided.

4 - Net capital expenditures is a non-GAAP financial measure. Please see the non-GAAP reconciliation tables included at the end of this press release.

Non-GAAP Financial Measures

This press release includes non-GAAP financial measures, including Adjusted EBITDA, Adjusted EBITDA margin, pro forma revenue, and net capital expenditures. Adjusted EBITDA is defined as net income (loss) before income tax expense, net interest expense, depreciation and amortization adjusted for non-cash items considered non-core to business operations including net currency gains and losses, goodwill and other impairment charges, restructuring costs, costs to integrate acquired companies, costs incurred related to transactions, non-cash charges for stock compensation plans, and other discrete expenses.  Adjusted EBITDA margin is defined as Adjusted EBITDA divided by revenue. Net capital expenditures is defined as capital expenditures for purchases and capitalized refurbishments of rental equipment, plus purchases of property, plant and equipment, reduced by proceeds from the sale of rental equipment. Net rental capital expenditures is defined as capital expenditures for purchases and capitalized refurbishments of rental equipment, reduced by proceeds from the sale of rental equipment.  Pro forma revenue is defined the same as revenue, but includes pre-acquisition results from ModSpace for all periods presented. WillScot believes that Adjusted EBITDA and Adjusted EBITDA margin are useful to investors because they (i) allow investors to compare performance over various reporting periods on a consistent basis by removing from operating results the impact of items that do not reflect core operating performance; (ii) are used by our board of directors and management to assess our performance; (iii) may, subject to the limitations described below, enable investors to compare the performance of WillScot to its competitors; and (iv) provide additional tools for investors to use in evaluating ongoing operating results and trends. WillScot believes that pro forma revenue is useful to investors because they allow investors to compare performance of the combined Company over various reporting periods on a consistent basis WillScot believes that net capital expenditures and net rental capital expenditures provide useful additional information concerning cash flow available to meet future debt service obligations. However, Adjusted EBITDA is not a measure of financial performance or liquidity under GAAP and, accordingly, should not be considered as an alternative to net income or cash flow from operating activities as an indicator of operating performance or liquidity. These non-GAAP measures should not be considered in isolation from, or as an alternative to, financial measures determined in accordance with GAAP. Other companies may calculate Adjusted EBITDA and other non-GAAP financial measures differently, and therefore WillScot’s non-GAAP financial measures may not be directly comparable to similarly-titled measures of other companies. For reconciliation of the non-GAAP measures used in this press release (except as explained below), see “Reconciliation of non-GAAP Financial Measures" included in this press release.

Information reconciling forward-looking Adjusted EBITDA to GAAP financial measures is unavailable to WillScot without unreasonable effort. We cannot provide reconciliations of forward looking Adjusted EBITDA to GAAP financial measures because certain items required for such reconciliations are outside of our control and/or cannot be reasonably predicted, such as the provision for income taxes. Preparation of such reconciliations would require a forward-looking balance sheet, statement of income and statement of cash flow, prepared in accordance with GAAP, and such forward-looking financial statements are unavailable to WillScot without unreasonable effort. Although we provide a range of Adjusted EBITDA that we believe will be achieved, we cannot accurately predict all the components of the Adjusted EBITDA calculation. WillScot provides Adjusted EBITDA guidance because we believe that Adjusted EBITDA, when viewed with our results under GAAP, provides useful information for the reasons noted above.

Conference Call Information

WillScot will host a conference call and webcast to discuss its second quarter 2019 results and outlook at 10 a.m. Eastern Time on Friday, August 2, 2019. The live call can be accessed by dialing (855) 312-9420 (US/Canada toll-free) or (210) 874-7774 (international) and asking to be connected to the WillScot call. A live webcast will also be accessible via the "Events & Presentations" section of the Company's investor relations website https://investors.willscot.com. Choose "Events" and select the information pertaining to the second quarter WillScot earnings conference call. Additionally, there will be slides accompanying the webcast. Please allow at least 15 minutes prior to the call to register, download and install any necessary software. For those unable to listen to the live broadcast, an audio webcast of the call will be available for 60 days on the Company’s investor relations website.

About WillScot Corporation

Headquartered in Baltimore, Maryland, WillScot is the public holding company for the Williams Scotsman family of companies. WillScot trades on Nasdaq under the ticker symbol "WSC," and is the specialty rental services market leader providing innovative modular space and portable storage solutions across North America. WillScot is the modular space supplier of choice for the construction, education, health care, government, retail, commercial, transportation, security and energy sectors. With over half a century of innovative history, organic growth and strategic acquisitions, WillScot serves a broad customer base from over 120 locations throughout the US, Canada and Mexico, with a fleet of over 150,000 modular space and portable storage units.

Forward-Looking Statements

This news release contains forward-looking statements (including the earnings guidance/outlook contained herein) within the meaning of the U.S. Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. The words “estimates,” “expects,” “anticipates,” “believes,” “forecasts,” “plans,” “intends,” “may,” “will,” “should,” “shall,” "outlook" and variations of these words and similar expressions identify forward-looking statements, which are generally not historical in nature. Forward-looking statements are subject to a number of risks, uncertainties, assumptions and other important factors, many of which are outside our control, which could cause actual results or outcomes to differ materially from those discussed in the forward-looking statements. Although WillScot believes that these forward-looking statements are based on reasonable assumptions, it can give no assurance that any such forward-looking statement will materialize. Important factors that may affect actual results or outcomes include, among others, our ability to acquire and integrate new assets and operations; our ability to achieve planned synergies related to acquisitions; our ability to manage growth and execute our business plan; our estimates of the size of the markets for our products; the rate and degree of market acceptance of our products; the success of other competing modular space and portable storage solutions that exist or may become available; rising costs adversely affecting our profitability (including cost increases resulting from tariffs); potential litigation involving our Company; general economic and market conditions impacting demand for our products and services; implementation of tax reform; our ability to implement and maintain an effective system of internal controls; and such other risks and uncertainties described in the periodic reports we file with the SEC from time to time (including our Form 10-K for the year ending December 31, 2018), which are available through the SEC’s EDGAR system at www.sec.gov and on our website. Any forward-looking statement speaks only at the date which it is made, and WillScot disclaims any obligation to update or revise any forward-looking statements, whether as a result of new information, future events or otherwise, except as required by law.

Additional Information and Where to Find It

Additional information can be found on our investor relations website at http://investors.willscot.com.

Contact Information  
   
Investor Inquiries: Media Inquiries:
Mark Barbalato Scott Junk
investors@willscot.com scott.junk@willscot.com
   


WillScot Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations (Unaudited)
 
  Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30,
(in thousands, except share and per share data) 2019   2018   2019   2018
Revenues:                      
Leasing and services revenue:                      
Modular leasing $ 187,509   $ 101,249   $ 365,731   $ 198,511
Modular delivery and installation   56,479     31,413     106,760     57,663
Sales revenue:                      
New units   11,624     5,236     26,528     12,664
Rental units   10,513     2,435     22,114     6,246
Total revenues   266,125     140,333     521,133     275,084
Costs:                      
Costs of leasing and services:                      
Modular leasing   55,073     27,129     102,308     54,291
Modular delivery and installation   48,468     30,127     91,811     55,648
Costs of sales:                      
New units   7,999     3,704     18,877     8,691
Rental units   6,721     1,263     14,516     3,578
Depreciation of rental equipment   43,968     23,470     85,071     47,315
Gross profit   103,896     54,640     208,550     105,561
Expenses:                      
Selling, general and administrative   71,623     47,734     145,108     92,948
Other depreciation and amortization   3,167     1,570     6,171     4,006
Impairment losses on long-lived assets   2,786         5,076    
Restructuring costs   1,150     449     7,103     1,077
Currency (gains) losses, net   (354)     572     (670)     1,596
Other income, net   (1,289)     (1,574)     (2,240)     (4,419)
Operating income   26,813     5,889     48,002     10,353
Interest expense   32,524     12,155     64,496     23,874
Loss on extinguishment of debt   7,244         7,244    
Loss from operations before income tax   (12,955)     (6,266)     (23,738)     (13,521)
Income tax benefit   (1,180)     (6,645)     (802)     (7,065)
Net (loss) income   (11,775)     379     (22,936)     (6,456)
Net (loss) income attributable to non-controlling interest, net of tax   (862)     143     (1,722)     (505)
Net (loss) income attributable to WillScot $ (10,913)   $ 236   $ (21,214)   $ (5,951)
                       
Net (loss) income per share attributable to WillScot                      
Basic $ (0.10)   $ 0.00   $ (0.20)   $ (0.08)
Diluted $ (0.10)   $ 0.00   $ (0.20)   $ (0.08)
                       
Weighted average shares                      
Basic   108,693,924     78,432,274     108,609,068     77,814,456
Diluted   108,693,924     82,180,086     108,609,068     77,814,456
                       


Unaudited Segment Operating Data
Three Months Ended June 30, 2019 and 2018
 
  Three Months Ended June 30, 2019
(in thousands, except for units on rent and rates) Modular - US   Modular - Other North America   Total
Revenue $ 238,861   $ 27,264   $ 266,125
Gross profit $ 94,829   $ 9,067   $ 103,896
Adjusted EBITDA $ 81,380   $ 7,347   $ 88,727
Capital expenditures for rental equipment $ 58,241   $ 2,974   $ 61,215
Modular space units on rent (average during the period)   83,273     9,027     92,300
Average modular space utilization rate   74.1%     56.3%     71.9%
Average modular space monthly rental rate $ 612   $ 603   $ 611
Portable storage units on rent (average during the period)   16,146     398     16,544
Average portable storage utilization rate   63.6%     50.8%     63.3%
Average portable storage monthly rental rate $ 121   $ 121   $ 121


  Three Months Ended June 30, 2018
(in thousands, except for units on rent and rates) Modular - US   Modular - Other North America   Total
Revenue $ 124,813   $ 15,520   $ 140,333
Gross profit $ 49,741   $ 4,899   $ 54,640
Adjusted EBITDA $ 38,104   $ 3,812   $ 41,916
Capital expenditures for rental equipment $ 30,931   $ 1,748   $ 32,679
Modular space units on rent (average during the period)   48,997     5,524     54,521
Average modular space utilization rate   72.2%     57.1%     70.3%
Average modular space monthly rental rate $ 549   $ 573   $ 551
Portable storage units on rent (average during the period)   13,127     369     13,496
Average portable storage utilization rate   68.5%     57.4%     68.1%
Average portable storage monthly rental rate $ 120   $ 116   $ 119


Six Months Ended June 30, 2019 and 2018  
   
  Six Months Ended June 30, 2019
(in thousands, except for units on rent and rates) Modular - US   Modular - Other North America   Total
Revenue $ 470,337   $ 50,796   $ 521,133
Gross profit $ 190,079   $ 18,471   $ 208,550
Adjusted EBITDA $ 158,148   $ 15,087   $ 173,235
Capital expenditures for rental equipment $ 108,162   $ 4,926   $ 113,088
Modular space units on rent (average during the period)   83,873     8,936     92,809
Average modular space utilization rate   74.6%     55.7%     72.2%
Average modular space monthly rental rate $ 594   $ 578   $ 593
Portable storage units on rent (average during the period)   16,602     404     17,006
Average portable storage utilization rate   65.4%     51.6%     65.0%
Average portable storage monthly rental rate $ 120   $ 115   $ 120


  Six Months Ended June 30, 2018
(in thousands, except for units on rent and rates) Modular - US   Modular - Other North America   Total
Revenue $ 246,900   $ 28,184   $ 275,084
Gross profit $ 96,549   $ 9,012   $ 105,561
Adjusted EBITDA $ 70,716   $ 6,692   $ 77,408
Capital expenditures for rental equipment $ 61,455   $ 3,308   $ 64,763
Modular space units on rent (average during the period)   48,841     5,487     54,328
Average modular space utilization rate   72.2%     57.0%     70.3%
Average modular space monthly rental rate $ 541   $ 557   $ 543
Portable storage units on rent (average during the period)   13,434     364     13,798
Average portable storage utilization rate   69.8%     56.4%     69.4%
Average portable storage monthly rental rate $ 118   $ 116   $ 118


WillScot Corporation
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets
 
(in thousands, except share data) June 30, 2019
(unaudited)
  December 31,
2018
       
Assets      
Cash and cash equivalents $ 5,490   $ 8,958
Trade receivables, net of allowances for doubtful accounts at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 of $13,125 and $9,340, respectively 242,730   206,502
Inventories 15,215   16,218
Prepaid expenses and other current assets 22,678   21,828
Assets held for sale 12,906   2,841
Total current assets 299,019   256,347
Rental equipment, net 1,953,857   1,929,290
Property, plant and equipment, net 164,759   183,750
Goodwill 245,828   247,017
Intangible assets, net 128,456   131,801
Other non-current assets 4,357   4,280
Total long-term assets 2,497,257   2,496,138
Total assets $ 2,796,276   $ 2,752,485
Liabilities and equity      
Accounts payable $ 96,031   $ 90,353
Accrued liabilities 90,612   84,696
Accrued interest 16,145   20,237
Deferred revenue and customer deposits 83,081   71,778
Current portion of long-term debt 2,026   1,959
Total current liabilities 287,895   269,023
Long-term debt 1,709,523   1,674,540
Deferred tax liabilities 66,594   67,384
Deferred revenue and customer deposits 10,210   7,723
Other non-current liabilities 37,584   31,618
Long-term liabilities 1,823,911   1,781,265
Total liabilities 2,111,806   2,050,288
Commitments and contingencies      
Class A common stock: $0.0001 par, 400,000,000 shares authorized at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018; 108,699,126 and 108,508,997 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018, respectively 11   11
Class B common stock: $0.0001 par, 100,000,000 shares authorized at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018; 8,024,419 shares issued and outstanding at June 30, 2019 and December 31, 2018 1   1
Additional paid-in-capital 2,392,085   2,389,548
Accumulated other comprehensive loss (65,910)   (68,026)
Accumulated deficit (1,704,188)   (1,683,319)
Total shareholders' equity 621,999   638,215
Non-controlling interest 62,471   63,982
Total equity 684,470   702,197
Total liabilities and equity $ 2,796,276   $ 2,752,485

Reconciliation of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

We use certain non-GAAP financial information that we believe is important for purposes of comparison to prior periods and development of future projections and earnings growth prospects. This information is also used by management to measure the profitability of our ongoing operations and analyze our business performance and trends.

We evaluate business segment performance on Adjusted EBITDA, a non-GAAP measure that excludes certain items as described in the reconciliation of our consolidated net loss to Adjusted EBITDA reconciliation below. We believe that evaluating segment performance excluding such items is meaningful because it provides insight with respect to intrinsic operating results of the Company.

We also regularly evaluate gross profit by segment to assist in the assessment of the operational performance of each operating segment. We consider Adjusted EBITDA to be the more important metric because it more fully captures the business performance of the segments, inclusive of indirect costs.

Adjusted EBITDA

We define EBITDA as net income (loss) plus interest (income) expense, income tax expense (benefit), depreciation and amortization. Our Adjusted EBITDA reflects the following further adjustments to EBITDA to exclude certain non-cash items and the effect of what we consider transactions or events not related to our core business operations:

  • Currency (gains) losses, net: on monetary assets and liabilities denominated in foreign currencies other than the subsidiaries’ functional currency. Substantially all such currency gains (losses) are unrealized and attributable to financings due to and from affiliated companies.
  • Non-cash impairment charges associated with goodwill and other long-lived assets.
  • Restructuring costs associated with restructuring plans designed to streamline operations and reduce costs including employee and lease termination costs.
  • Transaction costs including legal and professional fees and other transaction specific related costs.
  • Costs to integrate acquired companies, including outside professional fees, fleet relocation expenses, employee training costs and other costs.
  • Non-cash charges for stock compensation plans.
  • Other expense includes consulting expenses related to certain one-time projects, financing costs not classified as interest expense and gains and losses on disposals of property, plant and equipment.

Adjusted EBITDA has limitations as an analytical tool, and you should not consider the measure in isolation or as a substitute for net income (loss), cash flow from operations or other methods of analyzing WillScot’s results as reported under GAAP. Some of these limitations are:

  • Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect changes in, or cash requirements for our working capital needs;
  • Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect our interest expense, or the cash requirements necessary to service interest or principal payments, on our indebtedness;
  • Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect our tax expense or the cash requirements to pay our taxes;
  • Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect historical cash expenditures or future requirements for capital expenditures or contractual commitments;
  • Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect the impact on earnings or changes resulting from matters that we consider not to be indicative of our future operations;
  • although depreciation and amortization are non-cash charges, the assets being depreciated and amortized will often have to be replaced in the future and Adjusted EBITDA does not reflect any cash requirements for such replacements; and
  • other companies in our industry may calculate Adjusted EBITDA differently, limiting its usefulness as a comparative measure.

Because of these limitations, Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as discretionary cash available to reinvest in the growth of our business or as measures of cash that will be available to meet our obligations. The following table provides an unaudited reconciliation of Net loss (income) to Adjusted EBITDA:

  Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30,
(in thousands) 2019   2018   2019   2018
Net (loss) income $ (11,775)   $ 379   $ (22,936)   $ (6,456)
Income tax benefit   (1,180)     (6,645)     (802)     (7,065)
Loss on extinguishment of debt   7,244         7,244    
Interest expense   32,524     12,155     64,496     23,874
Depreciation and amortization   47,135     25,040     91,242     51,321
Currency (gains) losses, net   (354)     572     (670)     1,596
Goodwill and other impairments   2,786         5,076    
Restructuring costs   1,150     449     7,103     1,077
Transaction costs       4,118         4,118
Integration costs   8,242     4,785     18,380     7,415
Stock compensation expense   1,900     1,054     3,190     1,175
Other expense   1,055     9     912     353
Adjusted EBITDA $ 88,727   $ 41,916   $ 173,235   $ 77,408

Loss from Operations to Adjusted EBITDA Non-GAAP Reconciliations

The following tables present an unaudited reconciliation of the Company’s (loss) income from operations before income tax to Adjusted EBITDA by segment for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively:

  Three Months Ended June 30, 2019
(in thousands) Modular - US   Modular - Other North America   Total
(Loss) income from operations before income taxes $ (13,976)   $ 1,021   $ (12,955)
Loss on extinguishment of debt 7,244     7,244
Interest expense 31,865   659   32,524
Depreciation and amortization 42,093   5,042   47,135
Currency gains, net (75)   (279)   (354)
Goodwill and other impairments 2,706   80   2,786
Restructuring costs 1,300   (150)   1,150
Integration costs 7,260   982   8,242
Stock compensation expense 1,900     1,900
Other income (expense) 1,063   (8)   1,055
Adjusted EBITDA $ 81,380   $ 7,347   $ 88,727


  Three Months Ended June 30, 2018
(in thousands) Modular - US   Modular - Other North America   Total
Loss from operations before income taxes $ (5,533)   $ (733)   $ (6,266)
Interest expense   11,663     492     12,155
Depreciation and amortization   21,571     3,469     25,040
Currency losses, net   114     458     572
Restructuring costs   449         449
Integration costs   4,785         4,785
Stock compensation expense   1,054         1,054
Transaction costs   4,049     69     4,118
Other (income) expense   (48)     57     9
Adjusted EBITDA $ 38,104   $ 3,812   $ 41,916


  Six  Months Ended June 30, 2019
(in thousands) Modular - US   Modular - Other North America   Total
(Loss) income from operations before income taxes $ (25,098)   $ 1,360   $ (23,738)
Loss on extinguishment of debt 7,244     7,244
Interest expense 63,101   1,395   64,496
Depreciation and amortization 81,292   9,950   91,242
Currency gains, net (205)   (465)   (670)
Goodwill and other impairments 4,507   569   5,076
Restructuring costs 6,574   529   7,103
Integration costs 16,612   1,768   18,380
Stock compensation expense 3,190     3,190
Other expense (income) 931   (19)   912
Adjusted EBITDA $ 158,148   $ 15,087   $ 173,235


  Six Months Ended June 30, 2018
(in thousands) Modular - US   Modular - Other North America   Total
Loss from operations before income taxes $ (10,841)   $ (2,680)   $ (13,521)
Interest expense 22,823   1,051   23,874
Depreciation and amortization 44,463   6,858   51,321
Currency losses, net 271   1,325   1,596
Restructuring costs 1,067   10   1,077
Integration costs 7,415     7,415
Stock compensation expense 1,175     1,175
Transaction costs 4,049   69   4,118
Other expense 294   59   353
Adjusted EBITDA $ 70,716   $ 6,692   $ 77,408

Adjusted EBITDA Margin Non-GAAP Reconciliation

We define Adjusted EBITDA Margin as Adjusted EBITDA divided by Revenue. Management believes that the presentation of Adjusted EBITDA Margin provides useful information to investors regarding the performance of our business.

The following unaudited tables detail the calculation of Adjusted EBITDA Margin by segment for the three and six months ended June 30, 2019 and 2018, respectively:

  Three Months Ended June 30, 2019
  Three Months Ended June 30, 2018
(in thousands) Modular - US   Modular - Other North America  
Total
  Modular - US   Modular - Other North America   Total
Adjusted EBITDA (A) $ 81,380   $ 7,347   $ 88,727   $ 38,104   $ 3,812   $ 41,916
Revenue (B) $ 238,861   $ 27,264   $ 266,125   $ 124,813   $ 15,520   $ 140,333
Adjusted EBITDA Margin (A/B)   34.1%     26.9%     33.3%     30.5%     24.6%     29.9%


  Six Months Ended June 30, 2019 Six Months Ended June 30, 2018
(in thousands) Modular - US   Modular - Other North America   Total
  Modular - US   Modular - Other North America   Total
Adjusted EBITDA (A) $ 158,148   $ 15,087   $ 173,235   $ 70,716   $ 6,692   $ 77,408
Revenue (B) $ 470,337   $ 50,796   $ 521,133   $ 246,900   $ 28,184   $ 275,084
Adjusted EBITDA Margin (A/B)   33.6%     29.7%     33.2%     28.6%     23.7%     28.1%

Net CAPEX and Net CAPEX for Rental Equipment

We define Net Capital Expenditures ("Net CAPEX") and Net CAPEX for Rental Equipment as capital expenditures for purchases and capitalized refurbishments of rental equipment and purchases of property, plant and equipment (collectively "Total Capital Expenditures"), reduced by proceeds from the sale of rental equipment. Net CAPEX for Rental Equipment is defined as capital expenditures for purchases and capitalized refurbishments of rental equipment, reduced by proceeds from the sale of rental equipment. Our management believes that the presentation of Net CAPEX and Net CAPEX for Rental Equipment provides useful information to investors regarding the net capital invested into our rental fleet each year to assist in analyzing the performance of our business.

The following table provides an unaudited reconciliation of purchase of rental equipment to Net CAPEX and to Net CAPEX for Rental Equipment:

  Three Months Ended June 30,   Six Months Ended June 30,
(in thousands) 2019   2018   2019   2018
Total purchases of rental equipment and refurbishments $ (61,215)   $ (32,679)   $ (113,088)   $ (64,763)
Total proceeds from sale of rental equipment 11,482   3,905   23,083   12,033
Net Capital Expenditures for Rental Equipment (49,733)   (28,774)   (90,005)   (52,730)
Purchase of property, plant and equipment (2,270)   (616)   (3,899)   (1,616)
Net Capital Expenditures $ (52,003)   $ (29,390)   $ (93,904)   $ (54,346)

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Source: WillScot Corporation